Vista Analysis is a social science consultancy with its main emphasis on economic research, policy analysis and advice, and evaluations. We carry out projects to the highest professional standards, with independence and integrity. Our key thematic areas include climate change, energy, transport, urban planning and welfare issues. Our employees have high academic credentials and broad experience within consulting. When needed we utilise an extensive network of companies and resource persons nationally and internationally. The company is fully employee owned.
|Haakon VennemoKristin Aunan (2018) Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: An Unsustainable Situation in Search of a Solution in The Palgrave Handbook of Sustainability - Case Studies and Practical Solutions Palgrave Macmillan|
|Ewelina SiwiecAnne Maren ErlandsenHaakon Vennemo (2018) City greening by rain gardens - costs and benefits in Environmental Protection and Natural Resources The Institute of Environmental Protection – National Research Institute (IOŚ -PIB)|
|Sofie Skjeflo (2016) Measuring Household Vulnerability to Climate Change Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, 2nd edition, pp 1251-1264|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2015) Mapping value plurality towards ecosystem services in the case of Norwegian wildlife management: A Q analysis in Ecological Economics (118), 198-206|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2015) Forest Owners’ Participation in Voluntary Biodiversity Conservation: What Does It Take to Forgo Forestry for Eternity? in Land Economics (9), 235-251|
|Henrik LindhjemStåle Navrud (2015) Social benefits and costs of preserving forest biodiversity and ecosystem services in Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2015) Benefit transfer of nature conservation values in Asia and Oceania based on meta-analysis: data heterogeneity and reliability issues in The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Economics in Asia|
|Henrik LindhjemStåle Navrud (2015) Reliability of Meta-analytic Benefit Transfers of International Value of Statistical Life Estimates: Tests and Illustrations in Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values R.J. Johnston et al. (eds.), The Economics of Non-Market Goods and Resources 14|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2014) Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts of Utilizing Waste for Biochar in Rural Areas in Indonesia Environmental Science and Technology , 4664-4671|
|Annegrete BruvollHaakon Vennemo (2014) Reform of environmentally harmful subsidies: distributional issues in Paying the Polluter. Environmentally Harmful Subsidies and their Reform, F. H. Oosterhuis and P. ten Brink (ed.), Edward Elgar Publishing.|
|Annegrete Bruvoll (2013) The Misinterpretation of Pigouvian Taxes Journal of Environmental Protection 4, 154-160|
|Haakon Vennemo (2013) Upgrading to cleaner household stoves and reducing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among women in rural China — A cost-benefit analysis Energy for Sustainable Development , 4664-4671|
|Haakon Vennemo (2012) The cost of providing electricity to Africa Energy Economics 34, 1318-1328|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2012) Forest owners’ willingness to accept compensation for voluntary conservation: A contingent valuation approach Journal of Forest Economics 18, 290-312|
|Henrik LindhjemSimen Pedersen (2012) Should Publicly Funded Postal Services be Reduced? Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Universal Service Obligation in Norway Review of Network Economics 11(2)|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2012) Valuation of species and nature conservation in Asia and Oceania: a meta-analysis Environ Econ Policy Stud 14, 1-22|
|Kristin Aunan (Cicero)Haakon Vennemo (2012) Air pollution reduction during China’s 11th Five-Year Plan period—local implementation and achievements in Shanxi province Environmental Development 4, 36–53|
|Kristin Aunan (Cicero)Haakon Vennemo (2011) The energy intensity target in China’s 11th Five-Year Plan period—Local implementation and achievements in Shanxi Province Energy Policy 39, 4115–4124|
|Henrik LindhjemStåle Navrud (2011) Are Internet surveys an alternative to face-to-face interviews in contingent valuation? Ecological Economics 70, 1628-1637|
|Henrik LindhjemStåle Navrud (2011) Using Internet in Stated Preference Surveys: A Review and Comparison of Survey Modes International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics 5, 309-351|
|Henrik Lindhjem (2011) Valuing Mortality Risk Reductions from Environmental, Transport, and Health Policies: A Global Meta-Analysis of Stated Preference Studies Risk Analysis 31(9)|
With Ewelina Siwiec of Institute of Environmental Protection in Poland, Vista researchers Anne Erlandsen and Haakon Vennemo have published a paper on costs and benefits of creating rain gardens in urban areas. The paper, which appears in the journal Environmental Protection and Natural Resources, is based on the joint IEP-Vista project on climate adaptation in Poland that was conducted in 2017.
From the introduction: In urban areas, the most pressing adaptation challenges are associated with the problem of poor retention of rainstorm water. Hence, recommended actions focus on improving rainwater retention in the landscape. The article attempts to show the costs and benefits of one of the solutions – a green garden. When analysing the cost of green garden implementation, account should be taken of the cost of investment and upholding, as well as the alternative cost of land use. Then again, the benefits of the rain garden comprise the losses avoided by limiting the effects of rainstorm as well as improving the quality and quantity of water in the urban landscape. The cost and benefit monetization makes it possible to decide on the financial viability of implementing rain gardens in the city. The paper is available here.
Partner and professor Haakon Vennemo at Vista has contributed to the Palgrave Handbook of Sustainability, which was published recently at Palgrave Macmillan. The title of his contribution, with professor Kristin Aunan of Cicero, is titled Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: An Unsustainable Situation in Search of a Solution. The Palgrave handbook is available here.
June 12th, Nina Bruvik Westberg and Sofie Waage Skjeflo presented the paper Demand for climate resilient housing – Experimental evidence from Vietnam, at the 16th Nordic Conference in Development Economics, an annual conference with around 80 participants.
The paper presents preliminary results from a field experiment in Vietnam, where we have randomly assigned offers of two different packages of microcredit, grants and technical assistance to support poor households who want to upgrade their houses to improve resilience to storms. The paper is written as part of the project Implementing incentives for climate resilient housing among the urban poor in Vietnam, and is co-authored with Haakon Vennemo, Henrik Lindhjem, Tuan Huu Tran, Phong Van Giai Tran and Tuan Tran Anh. A draft version of the paper can be downloaded here.
The thesis sheds light on households’ agricultural investments and adaptation to climate risk and shocks, and how politicians and local customs may impact households’ behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nina has assessed the relationship between risk aversion, rainfall variability and demand for inorganic fertilizer among smallholders in Ethiopia, whether farm households in Tanzania are able to protect their agricultural yield and children’s health from drought, and whether they are more or less able to respond based on past shock experience. She has also investigated to what extent the allocations of fertilizer vouchers from a Malawian fertilizer subsidy program were altered in line with electoral goals. Lastly, the thesis studies the education cycle for children in four countries in southern Africa, and where Nina has focused on the role of the bride price custom in explaining the observed patterns.
Henrik Lindhjem is appointed, together with Professor Pere Reira at the Universitat Autonome de Barcelona and Åsa Löfgren at University in Gothenburg, to the PhD committee of Katarina Östberg at the Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, at Umeå University. The topic is economic valuation of ecosystem services in the coastal zone. The supervisors were Göran Bostedt, Bengt Kriström and Cecilia Håkansson. The topic fits well into the methodological work that Vista has undertaken on valuation and management of ecosystem services of inland and coastal waters in recent years.
Haakon Vennemo in Vista held Monday a guest lecture at NHH’s course in natural resource and environmental economics for master students. Vennemo was invited by professor Gunnar Eskeland. The topic for Vennemo’s presentation was “Environmental risk in China: Theory meets reality”.
Henrik Lindhjem is appointed, together with Professor Rauli Svento at the Oulu Business School, to the PhD committee of Heini Ahtiainen at the Universitetet i Helsinki, Finland. The topic of the dissertation is ”Benefits of reduced eutrophication for policy making - evidence from Finland, the Baltic Sea area and Europe”. The topic fits well into the methodological work that Vista has undertaken on valuation and management of ecosystem services from inland and coastal waters in recent years, including for the Norwegian Coastal Administration.
Dr. Ma Guoxia of the Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning (CAEP) has finalized a research mission in Norway to study economic models including environmental effects. The goal is to use Norwegian experience to better incorporate environmental considerations in environmental planning in China. The research mission is part of a three-year bilateral project on environmental risk reduction between CAEP and Vista Analysis. The photo shows Ma Guoxia (CAEP) with Norwegian colleagues (Statistics Norway).
Vista Analysis, CICERO and the Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning (CAEP) carried out a workshop on environmental risk in Tongling, Anhui province, 28-29 May. The aim of the workshop was to transfer knowledge of international best practise and apply this knowledge in training exercises. The participants were from the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) in Beijing as well as the Environmental Protection Bureaus in Jiangsu and Guizhou provinces and the cities Anshun, Chengdu and Tongling. The workshop is part of a bilateral cooperation project, supported by the Norwegian Embassy in Beijing and MEP.
Annegrete Bruvoll and Haakon Vennemo have contributed to a chapter on environmentally harmful subsidies in the Edgar Elgar book Paying the Polluter. The financial means embedded in subsidies for unsustainable systems of production and consumption are increasingly well studied and reported. This has led to policy recommendations (e.g. OECD, EU) on how to reform subsidy systems in support of the necessary transitions to a low carbon and ecosystem resilient society based on a strong resource efficient economy. The authors in this book contribute to the debate based on recent, high quality and policy relevant research. It is a timely contribution to a pressing financial issue in environmental policy.
In an article in European Union Politics, Vibeke Wøien Hansen studies voting bahaviour in the EU. Politics in the Council is Janus-faced. There is bargaining with identifiable winners and losers, yet the voting records show high levels of agreement. These two sides have almost exclusively been studied in isolation even though standard theoretical models of voting typically assume that actors’ behaviour is guided by their positions relative to the proposal and the status quo. By combining positional data and voting data, we evaluate to what extent voting is driven by salience-weighted issue-specific positions. Our results show that governments’ voting behaviour is guided by their issue-specific positions. The relationship between preference-based positions and votes is stronger when we impute values for the missing positions in the positional data. This illustrates the importance of cautious treatment of missing data in EU decision-making.
Michael Hoel, partner in Vista, is the winner of the 2011 edition of the EAERE European Lifetime Achievement Award in Environmental Economics. More information here.
Henrik Lindhjem and Simen Pedersen in Vista Analysis has published in Review of Network Economics. The publication builds on a study the authors conducted for the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority in 2010-2011, and contains a Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Universal Service Obligation in Norway. Read the publication here
We conduct, to our knowledge, the first cost-benefit analysis of the universal service obligation (USO) in the postal sector. Three alternatives are analysed that reduce delivery frequency and/or delivery speed, with particular emphasis on quantifying the potential loss of consumer benefits. Social cost savings are analysed for the service provider, for the environment and for the government through lower levels of distortionary taxes. Although there are challenges involved in measuring the net welfare change, especially loss in consumer benefits, our results suggest that only the largest reduction in the USO may be justified on social efficiency grounds.